Showy Evening Primrose
Oenothera speciosa
Evening Primrose family (Onagraceae)

This short spreading perennial prefers full sun and dry conditions, but is adaptable.
Large pink flowers open during the day and bloom from late spring through summer.
Blooms are very large and seem almost disproportionate to the size of the plant overall.
This plant can aggressively spread by rhizomes and quickly fill open spaces in your garden.






Wild Strawberry
Fragaria virginiana
Rose family (Rosaceae)

This short, spreading perennial ground cover prefers full sun to partial shade with moist to dry soil conditions.
The ecological benefits this plant provides are amazing!  The fruit is highly prized by humans and wildlife alike.
Pollen and nectar from the tiny white flowers attract innumerable insect visitors which aid in cross-pollination.
Varoius caterpillars feed on Wild Strawberry, which provides an excellent protein source for birds.






Golden Ragwort
Packera aurea
Aster family (Asteraceae)

This short spring flower prefers full sun to light shade, and moist soil conditions.
In favorable conditions, the fibrous root system can produce vegetative colonies.
The nectar and pollen attract a variety of insects, and it is somewhat resistant to herbivory.
Packera species are the host plant for the Gem Moth caterpillar. (Orthonama obstipata)






Celandine Poppy
Stylophorum diphyllum
Poppy family (Papaveraceae)

This adaptable spring ephemeral prefers shade and moist soils; Generally found in high quality woodlands.
This early flowering woodland plant provides a much needed early season pollen source.
Like other ephemerals, ants are highly attracted to the seeds, and are responsible for their distribution.
The toxic foliage is generally avoided by herbivores like rabbits and deer.






Great Blue Lobelia
Lobelia siphilitica
Bellflower family (Campanulaceae)

Prefers partial sun and fertile soil with wet to moist conditions.
A beautiful late season wildflower that is hearty and attractive.
It creates a central taproot, from which occasional basal offshoots are produced.
Bumblebees and other long-tongued bees are the most common visitors, as well as ruby throated hummingbirds.





Blue Mist Flower
Conoclinium coelestinum
Aster family (Asteraceae)

Prefers full sun to light shade with moist conditions.
It will spread by seed and rhizomes, given the right conditions.
This low stature plant creates excellent late season color in your rain-garden.
The bitter tasting foliage is rarely consumed my mammalian herbivores.
Flowers are often visited by long-tongued bees, butterflies and skippers of many species.






Rattlesnake Master
Eryngium yuccifolium
Carrot family (Apiaceae)

Prefers full sun and moist to dry conditions.
Attractive yucca-like foliage is rarely botherd by leaf diseases or pests.
The flowering heads attract many kinds of insects usually seeking nectar.
In Indiana this species is found in high quality remnant prairies, savannas, and barrens.





Asclepias incarnata6/23/2016

Swamp Milkweed
Asclepias incarnata
Milkweed family (Asclepiadaceae)

This attractive milkweed prefers full sun, wet to moist conditions.
It can spread by root rhizomes to form colonies.
Many bees, wasps, flies and butterflies seek nectar from the blooms.
Herbivores tend to leave this plant alone because of the bitter foliage that containins cardiac glycosides.






Purple Coneflower
Echinacea purpurea
Aster family (Asteraceae)

Prefers full to partial sun and moist to mesic conditions.
Forms small dense colonies of plants that spread vegetatively.
Songbirds like the goldfinch, will eat the seeds that develop throughout the fall and winter months.
The caterpillars of the Silvery Checkerspot and several moths feed on the foliage contributing to it’s wildlife value.





Butterfly Milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa
Milkweed family (Asclepiadaceae)

Prefers full sun and sandy or rocky acidic soil, but can tolerate various soils if they are well drained.
Typically avoided by mammalian herbivores, even though it lacks toxic milky latex found in other milkweed species.
Attracts honeybees, digger bees (Melissodes spp.), leaf-cutting bees (Megachile spp.), Halictid bees (including green metallic bees), thread-waisted wasps (Ammophila spp.) and butterflies, including Fritillaries (Speyeria spp.), Swallowtails (Papilio spp.), and the Monarch (Danaus plexippus).
In this image a Meadow Fritillary (Boloria bellona) can be seen in flight, after visiting this aptly named wildflower.




Swamp Rose
Rosa palustris
Rose family (Rosaceae)

Prefers full or partial sun and very wet to moist conditions.
Very fragrant blooms produce large hips, that are prized by migrating birds.
Can spread vegetatively; colonies sometimes develop from the rhizomes.
Excellent shrub for creating wetland structure/habitat/cover.






Ohio Spiderwort
Tradescantia ohiensis
Dayflower family (Commelinaceae)

Prefers full or partial sun; moist to slightly dry.
Blooms late spring – mid summer with only a few flowers at a time.
Flowers open in the morning and close by the afternoon in sunny weather.
Beautiful, but short lived blooms, pollinated by long-tounged bees.
Interesting grass-like foliage provides interest year round.





Lance-leaved coreopsis
Coreopsis lanceolata
Aster family (Asteraceae)

This adaptable plant prefers full sun, mesic to dry conditions.
In open areas with exposed ground, it may spread aggressively.
Melissodes coreopsis (bee) is an oligolege (specialist pollinator) of Coreopsis spp.
Explodes in an amazing floral display earlier than most prairie wildflowers.






Blue Flag Iris
Iris virginica shrevei
Iris family (Iridaceae)

Prefers moist soils in full to partial sun.
3′ tall foliage is rarely bothered by disease or herbivory.
Butterflys and Skippers visit the flowers for nectar.
Bumblebees and long-horned bees (Synhalonia spp.) collect pollen.
These beautiful early bloomers are perfect for your rain garden basin.





Wild Stonecrop
Sedum ternatum
Stonecrop family (Crassulaceae)

Prefers partial sun to light shade.
Only grows up to 8 inches tall.
Interesting fleshy foliage is drought resistant.
Bees love the pollen and nectar that this early bloomer produces.
Makes a great addition to almost any landscape.





Wild Columbine
Aquilegia canadensis
Buttercup family (Ranunculaceae)

Blooms from late spring to early summer and lasts about a month.
Prefers light shade to partial sun.
Once established, it is easy to maintain.
Host plant for Erynnis lucilius (Columbine Duskywing)
Because the foliage is toxic, it isn’t usually bothered by herbivores.